faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Donald CommunityPCC- COMMUNITYVirtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyPasadena Public WorksPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * STAFF REPORT First Heatwave Expected Next Week Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. Top of the News More Cool Stuff 26 recommended0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it Name (required) Mail (required) (not be published) Website Make a comment Although revised guidelines released Thursday by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) suggest that people who are fully vaccinated against COVID-19 can largely stop wearing a mask in most indoor and outdoor situations, Pasadena has not yet adopted this policy and is working with state officials to determine potential changes to the standing mask order.It was not immediately clear when and if California and local health officials would align with the new CDC guidance.L.A. County Public Health Director Barbara Ferrer said the county will wait to complete a review of the CDC recommendation in order to “make sensible adjustments to the orders that are currently in place.”The CDC’s guidance serves as advice, but state and local authorities can impose stricter requirements based on circumstances.“This is a welcome statement on the CDC’s confidence in the efficacy of the COVID-19 vaccines, given the real-world data that shows strong protection for those who are fully vaccinated,” said Pasadena Public Health Director Dr. Ying-Ying Goh. “We are working with the state to determine future changes to the mask order. Employers must still follow Cal-OSHA requirements, which are currently under review by the state.”The new CDC guidance does not completely drop mask recommendations for vaccinated people. Face coverings are still recommended in some settings — such as aboard planes and buses or in crowded settings, such as hospitals.“Anyone who is fully vaccinated can participate in indoor and outdoor activities, large or small, without wearing a mask or physical distancing,” said CDC Director Dr. Rochelle Walensky.Walensky also said people who are vaccinated but are “immune compromised” should talk to their doctor before giving up their mask.“This is an exciting and powerful moment,” Walensky said of the announcement, while also urging more people to get vaccinated.“The science is also very clear about unvaccinated people: you remain at risk of mild or severe illness, of death, or of spreading the disease,” she said. “You should still wear a mask, and you should get vaccinated right away.”Gov. Gavin Newsom indicated this week that the state will likely ease its mask mandate on June 15, when all other COVID restrictions on businesses and gatherings are set to be eliminated. Newsom told Fox 11 News the state will continue to make recommendations for mask-wearing in select circumstances. But he said mask-wearing will likely only be required in large-scale indoor gatherings.“Only in those settings that are indoor,” he told Fox 11. “Only in those massively large settings, where people — from around the world, not just around the country — are convening, and where people are mixing in real dense spaces.“Otherwise, we’ll make guidance, recommendations, but no mandates and no restrictions,” he said. EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS HerbeautyBohemian Summer: How To Wear The Boho Trend RightHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty15 things only girls who live life to the maximum understandHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty7 Most Startling Movie Moments We Didn’t Realize Were InsensitiveHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty15 Countries Where Men Have Difficulties Finding A WifeHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyInstall These Measures To Keep Your Household Safe From Covid19HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyThese Fashion Tips Are Making Tall Girls The Talk Of The TownHerbeautyHerbeauty CITY NEWS SERVICE/STAFF REPORT Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday Community News Subscribe Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadena STAFF REPORT Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy Community News Community News Too Soon for Vaccinated Pasadenans to Drop Mask Wearing CITY NEWS SERVICE Published on Thursday, May 13, 2021 | 3:03 pm Business News
With the 2014 season behind them, the Cincinnati Reds will have to make a lot of hard decisions over the winter. An article in the Cincinnati Enquirer stated that the Reds should consider protecting just 3 members of their roster. They were Todd Frazier, Devin Mesoroco, and Billy Hamilton. That does not mean that they should trade all the rest of them, but consider possible deals that might include any of the rest of this year’s roster.The Reds suffered badly in 2 areas this year. The first was in middle relief, and the second was getting on base. When both Votto and Phillips went down, they not only did not get anyone on base, but no one could drive in a base runner either. The Reds have at least 5 long-term contracts, and this makes it difficult to move players. With three-fourths of their starting rotation close to free agency, they can’t give all of them big contracts like they did Bailey. This means that someone like Latos or Cueto probably will be shopped around to see what type of offers they can get.The Reds also need some consistent hitters since they can’t wait for months to see if Jay Bruce is going to get hot. I am sure when the opening day lineup is announced next spring, there will be several new names. If there isn’t, you can bet the Reds will contend for last place and not first.
Mark English bounced back with a season best time at the Anniversary Games in London this afternoon.Mark EnglishThe Letterkenny athlete finished fourth in a time of 1.45.49 in what was a top-class 800 metres field.English has struggled in recent weeks to find his form especially in the recent Under 23 championships. But today’s performance was a real return to form for the medical student. MARK ENGLISH BOUNCES BACK WITH SEASON’S BEST AT ANNIVERSARY GAMES was last modified: July 25th, 2015 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:800 metresAnniversary Gamesmark english
Scientists and entrepreneurs can’t get enough of the design solutions found in the living world.Snake-bots: PhysOrg wrote about “Flexible snake armor: Biology could inspire systems in engineering with minimized abrasion.” Snakes slither on all kinds of surfaces; their skin, therefore, is optimized to handle friction. Scientists at Kiel University looked at electron micrographs of snake skin cross-sections and found a gradient of stiff to flexible cells from outside to inside. “A material that has a transition from a stiff outside to a flexible inside can distribute an impacting force over a larger area, therefore decreasing the force on one single point,” a researcher explained. “Materials like this are like a flexible amour.” How could imitating this structure help humans? “Possible application areas can be found in the medical engineering sector, in which friction could for instance be optimized for artificial implants,” the article said. “Furthermore, the propulsion and conveyer technique market could profit from the abrasion minimization findings, since lubrication would have to be implicated less often.” Research on the mechanical properties of snake skin is “extremely new,” the spokesperson said.Worm-bots: The pulsing action used by earthworms and snails, called peristalsis, has inspired another soft robot named “Meshworm” by its inventors. “Now researchers at MIT, Harvard University and Seoul National University have engineered a soft autonomous robot that moves via peristalsis, crawling across surfaces by contracting segments of its body, much like an earthworm,” a report on Science Daily says. “The robot, made almost entirely of soft materials, is remarkably resilient: Even when stepped upon or bludgeoned with a hammer, the robot is able to inch away, unscathed.” Faced with challenges of building artificial muscles and soft actuators, the team “looked to the earthworm for design guidance.” The article explains how they did it. A softbot using peristalsis would be useful for getting into tight places. Have they thought about just training earthworms?Gecko tape update: The climbing ability of geckos with dry feet has been well studied, but how do they perform when wet? The BBC News and Science Daily revealed the secret: they trap air bubbles between the tiny hairs on the toe pads that cling to surfaces. Tokay geckos live in tropical rainforests where wetness is a problem. In natural circumstances, the geckos do fairly well in wet weather, but in the lab, when the toes were soaked, they lost adhesion. Researchers at the University of Akron hope to use what they are learning to develop a “gecko tape” that works on both wet and dry surfaces. The BBC article also discussed research in Japan with beetles that can walk underwater. The beetles use capillary action of an oily secretion to do the trick. “Inspired by this, the team created an artificial structure from silicone to mimic the adhesion and were able to successfully stick a plastic toy bulldozer to the bottom of a fish tank.”Bamboo construction: The wood of bamboo decays in UV light and has poor fire resistance; otherwise, it has desirable properties for construction, PhysOrgs aid in “Bamboo: The new super construction material.” Those properties are its fast growth and a strength like steel. If they can overcome the undesirable properties, researchers at the University of Bath believe bamboo holds promise. They are experimenting with composites that boost its UV and fire resistance. “Possible applications of the resulting novel composites developed through this research programme include incorporation in architectural structures, particularly in critical areas such as joints and load bearing elements of buildings.”Octobot camouflage: “…inspired by the squid and octopus,” PhysOrg wrote, Harvard scientists have “devised a rubbery robot … which can crawl, camouflage itself and hide from infrared cameras.” With “dynamic coloration,” this robot could someday help surgeons and search-and-rescue teams. “One of the fascinating characteristics of these animals,” a researcher said, “is their ability to control their appearance, and that inspired us to take this idea further and explore dynamic coloration.” Just as the animals can hide from predators or signal friends, the new robots could camouflage themselves or signal their positions to other robots. The progress was reported in Science Magazine (Morin et al., “Camouflage and Display for Soft Machines,” Science 7 August 2012: Vol. 337 no. 6096 pp. 828-832, DOI: 10.1126/science.1222149). The paper begins, “Synthetic systems cannot easily mimic the color-changing abilities of animals such as cephalopods.” They hope their soft-bots can mimic some of the functions, if not the anatomy, of squid and octopus.Flower power: How to get more energy from sunlight? Follow the sun, like sunflowers do. “A field of young sunflowers will slowly rotate from east to west during the course of a sunny day, each leaf seeking out as much sunlight as possible as the sun moves across the sky through an adaptation called heliotropism,” began an article on PhysOrg. It’s a clever bit of natural engineering that inspired imitation from a UW-Madison electrical and computer engineer, who has found a way to mimic the passive heliotropism seen in sunflowers for use in the next crop of solar power systems.” The article includes a video clip about Hongrui Jiang’s invention using passive heliotropism that improved solar panel light harvesting by 10%. “But eventually, Jiang hopes to see huge industrial solar farms where fields of photovoltaic solar panels shift effortlessly along with the sunflowers that inspired him,” because “This is exactly what nature does.”Ultimate hard drive: Science Now called DNA the “ultimate hard drive” for information storage. How about some “wow” stats? “When it comes to storing information, hard drives don’t hold a candle to DNA,” John Bohannon wrote. “Our genetic code packs billions of gigabytes into a single gram. A mere milligram of the molecule could encode the complete text of every book in the Library of Congress and have plenty of room to spare.” He reported, “researchers stored an entire genetics textbook in less than a picogram of DNA—one trillionth of a gram—an advance that could revolutionize our ability to save data.” It’s not practical for personal computers yet, but just wait; an engineer at the Craig Venter Institute said, “the field is moving fast and the technology will soon be cheaper, faster, and smaller.” Synthetic DNA – no cells required – has been put on rewritable devices: “an inkjet printer embeds short fragments of chemically synthesized DNA onto the surface of a tiny glass chip.” The researchers boast, “DNA chips are now the storage medium with the highest known information density.” New Scientist’s coverage of this achievement added even more “wow” factoids about DNA:DNA is one of the most dense and stable media for storing information known. In theory, DNA can encode two bits per nucleotide. That’s 455 exabytes – roughly the capacity of 100 billion DVDs – per gram of single-stranded DNA, making it five or six orders denser than currently available digital media, such as flash memory. Information stored in DNA can also be read thousands of years after it was first laid down.Researcher George Church even wrote his latest book in DNA, illustrations and all, said Science Daily. Another good thing about DNA encoding is that the molecule is stable at room temperature.Fixing what happens: This is not exactly a biomimetics story, but it deals with a biological reality which, if handled better, would hold great promise for world health. The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, according to PhysOrg, sponsored a “Reinvent the Toilet Challenge” since much of the world lacks access to good sanitation (see YouTube video about the challenge). Cranfield University, one of the competitors, has come up with a human-powered device that extracts the water from refuse and concentrates it into briquets that can be used for fuel or fertilizer – and it’s not just for poor countries, too. The sanitary reapplication of digestive waste could go a long way to conserving water and preventing disease. As side benefits, new sources of energy and even fresh water could result when nature calls.The BBC News joked that Gates is flushing his money down the toilet, but quickly explained that the initiative could prevent many deaths: for example, 1.5 million children die each year from diarrheal disease. “The project challenged inventors to come up with a toilet that operated without running water, electricity or a septic system. It needed to operate at a cost of no more than five cents (3p) a day and would ideally capture energy or other resources.” In a short video clip in the article, Gates described problems with current toilet designs. “Traditional flush toilets waste tons of drinking water and are often impractical in many areas of the developing world.” They use, in fact, 10 times more water than people drink. At a recent Reinvent the Toilet Fair, “In total 28 designs were shown off at the fair and the winner was a team from the California Institute of Technology” (see picture at Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation website). “Led by Prof Michael Hoffman, the toilet they designed was solar-powered and generated hydrogen gas and electricity. They won a $100,000 prize.”Isn’t it refreshing to see science done for human good and environmental stewardship? Evolution was almost a no-show in these stories, just appearing in bit parts with no speeches. The Bill Gates challenge story is also a lesson about how wealth creation through capitalism can benefit the poorest of the poor. Gates built his fortune without government or U.N. help, starting in a garage. His mega-company, Microsoft, created thousands of jobs and made computing easier for the entire civilized world. Now, through some of the wealth created (not stolen from the poor), he is encouraging engineers to save millions of lives and promote environmental stewardship with a simple challenge that is long overdue: doing better with doo. Leftist redistributionist Marxists, are you paying attention? What has Darwin crap done for the world lately? (Visited 27 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Massachusetts wins energy efficiency titleMassachusetts once again sits atop a state-by-state energy scorecard released annually by the American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy. California was a close second.It’s the fifth consecutive year the Bay State has finished the year at the top of the list, based on its commitment to energy efficiency under its Green Communities Act, the ACEEE said in a press release. Thanks to requirements for reduced greenhouse gas emissions, new efficiency measures for schools and a cap-and-trade program, California closed in on Massachusetts and ended up just a half-point behind.The rest of the top 10 included (in order) Vermont, Rhode Island, Oregon, Connecticut, Maryland, Washington, and New York, with Minnesota and Illinois tied for 10th. Twenty states rose in scorecard rankings, and 16 states fell.Savings from electricity efficiency programs in 2014 totaled 25.7 million megawatt hours, an increase of 5.8% over last year. Hawaii closes door on net meteringHawaiians who were hoping to take advantage of full retail net-metering with a new solar system have missed the boat.The state’s Public Utilities Commission has put a halt to new net-energy metering contracts, leaving in place existing deals for the life of their contracts but offering reduced rates for new photovoltaic (PV) systems, UtilityDive reports.Along with new reimbursement rates, the commission also approved new standards for interconnecting PV systems, plus a minimum monthly bill of $25 for residential solar customers. The commission said that the order was an “evolution” that would help to advance distributed generation in the state, but solar advocates were dismayed.“The PUC’s decision is neither fair nor justified,” Bryan Miller, a spokesman for the Alliance for Solar Choice, told Pacific Business News. “Contrary to a law passed by the Hawaii Legislature two years ago, the PUC failed to conduct a cost-benefit analysis to determine the value of solar on the grid. Instead, the PUC relied upon speculation by the utility and ended net metering without notice to consumers.”One co-op director said that the move was “like an earthquake in Hawaii solar.”Hawaii’s high electricity rates — more than 30 cents per kilowatt hour for homeowners this past July — plus falling prices for modules “have combined to transform the competitive landscape” facing the state’s utilities, the commission wrote. Net-metered systems have increased to more than 60 times the original cap set in 1996 legislation, and the program now runs at between 30% and 55% of the system’s peak load, depending on the individual utility.In place of net-energy metering, the commission adopted two new types of credits. A “grid-supply option” replaces retail rate credits with a tariff based on avoided costs — between 15 and 17 cents per kWh. The “self-supply option” is primarily for solar owners who don’t export the power they generate to the grid, UtilityDive said. Net-metering caps lifted in New YorkNew York’s Public Service Commission voted to lift temporarily the caps on the amount of net-metered solar energy permitted on all six of the state’s investor-owned utilities.The Orange and Rockland Utilities (ORU) had petitioned the commission earlier this year to suspend net-metering because it had applications for interconnections that exceeded the current 6% cap, RTO Insider reports. ORU had argued it should be allowed to stop interconnections, and it suggested solar customers sell electricity at the wholesale rate and buy electricity at the retail rate.The commission rejected the plan, and said that the ceiling would float upward to take in new solar customers while the panels studies the question of how much distributed generation is worth. That study should be finished by the end of 2016. Just last December, the commission doubled the statewide cap from 3% to 6%.“Utilities shall accept all interconnection applications and continue to interconnect net-metered generation without measuring the [distributed generation] capacity against an artificially set ceiling level,” the commission wrote.Governor Andrew Cuomo is making solar an energy priority. The NY-Sun program is a $1 billion effort to install 3 gigawatts of solar electricity by 2023. Also, Cuomo announced earlier this month a target for the state to install PV arrays on 150,000 additional homes and businesses in five years, according to PV Magazine.
Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. MOST READ On his Instagram account @trayfour, Allen posted a photo of the boarding pass of his flight from Hong Kong to “thrilla” Manila. Trump signs bills in support of Hong Kong protesters Lacson: SEA Games fund put in foundation like ‘Napoles case’ Celebrity chef Gary Rhodes dies at 59 with wife by his side Jesus Shuttlesworth is coming to Manila.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSBoxers Pacquiao, Petecio torchbearers for SEA Games openingRetired NBA player Ray Allen Jr. is heading to the country for the first time on Tuesday.ADVERTISEMENT Robredo should’ve resigned as drug czar after lack of trust issue – Panelo NATO’s aging eye in the sky to get a last overhaul View comments Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss PLAY LIST 02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games SEA Games debacle looms LATEST STORIES Hotel says PH coach apologized for ‘kikiam for breakfast’ claim Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Biggest Pogo service provider padlocked for tax evasion The two-time NBA champion is making a side trip to the Philippines after attending Sneaker Con Hong Kong over the weekend.It is unclear, though, what Allen’s itinerary here would be.Allen, widely known as one of the purest shooters to ever play the game, last played for the Miami Heat where he helped LeBron James and company win the championship in 2013.He also won the title with the Boston Celtics in 2008.ADVERTISEMENT Ethel Booba on hotel’s clarification that ‘kikiam’ is ‘chicken sausage’: ‘Kung di pa pansinin, baka isipin nila ok lang’
Sri Lanka left out former captains Dinesh Chandimal and Upul Tharanga and recalled spin-bowling all-rounders Milinda Siriwardana and Jeevan Mendis in their 15-man squad on Thursday for this year’s World Cup in England and Wales.Chandimal was Sri Lanka’s one-day international captain as recently as October while Tharanga led the side in 2017.Tharanga’s fellow opener Danushka Gunathilaka also failed to make the cut while Lahiru Thirimanne, who last played in the format in end 2017, was drafted into the squad.Jeffrey Vandersay was picked over mystery spinner Akila Dananjaya as the only specialist slow bowler with Sri Lanka’s selectors rewarding the leg-spinner’s strong performances in a recent domestic 50-over tournament.Opening batsman Avishka Fernando, 21, survived the axe despite a below-par tour of South Africa recently but regular wicketkeeper-batsman Niroshan Dickwella was dropped.The 1996 champions on Wednesday had appointed test captain Dimuth Karunaratne as the skipper for the May 30-July 14 World Cup despite the left-handed batsman not playing an ODI since the 2015 tournament.The selectors continued on that note by bringing back Jeevan Mendis, who also last played in the format at the World Cup four years back in Australia and New Zealand. Siriwardana and Vandersay last played ODIs in October 2017.Pace bowler Lasith Malinga, who led the side in a 5-0 thrashing in the ODI series against South Africa recently, kept his place alongside the injury-prone paceman Nuwan Pradeep.Former captain Angelo Mathews, who missed a lot of cricket recently due to injury, was part of the 15-man squad.Sri Lanka open their World Cup campaign against New Zealand on June 1.advertisementSquad: Dimuth Karunaratne (captain), Avishka Fernando, Lahiru Thirimanne, Kusal Perera, Kusal Mendis, Angelo Mathews, Dhanajaya de Silva, Jeffrey Vandersay, Thisara Perera, Lasith Malinga, Isuru Udana, Suranga Lakmal, Nuwan Pradeep, Jeevan Mendis, Milinda SiriwardanaAlso Read | Delighted to have Vijay Shankar in India’s World Cup team: Virat Kohli to India TodayAlso See:
shaq lawson clemson dalvin cook florida stateClemson and Florida State are set to tangle this Saturday, and more than likely, the contest will decide which team wins the Atlantic division in the ACC. Despite losing the last three matchups to the Seminoles, at least one Tigers player is confident about how his team will perform. Junior defensive end Shaq Lawson talked a bit of trash Monday, telling reporters that he believes that the Tigers will “show Dalvin Cook why he should have come to Clemson” by the time the game is over. Cook, at one point, was committed to play for the Tigers before flipping and attending FSU [email protected]_Lawson90 “We’re going to show Dalvin Cook why he should have come to Clemson by the end of the night.” pic.twitter.com/X0tZSNpkXP— CUTigers.com (@CUTigers_com) November 2, 2015#Clemson DE Shaq Lawson talks trash: “We’re going to show Dalvin Cook why he should have come to Clemson by the end of the night.” #FSU— Tom D’Angelo (@tomdangelo44) November 2, 2015Tigernet.com has video of the press conference, if you’re interested.Cook has become a star this year, rushing for over 1,000 yards in just seven games. If Clemson is actually able to shut him down (provided he plays), it’ll have a much easier time leaving Memorial Stadium victorious.
COLUMBUS, OH – SEPTEMBER 27: Ohio State Buckeyes fans cheer on their team against the Minnesota Golden Gophers on September 27, 2008 at Ohio Stadium in Columbus, Ohio. (Photo by Jamie Sabau/Getty Images)ESPN’s College GameDay is in Columbus for tomorrow’s big showdown between Ohio State and Michigan State, which means that former Michigan star Desmond Howard, who is an analyst for the show, is in enemy territory. One Buckeyes supporter appears to have gone overboard in making sure Howard doesn’t feel at home.Friday morning, Howard, on SportsCenter, told Cari Champion that he’d been flipped off and screamed at by an Ohio State supporter on his walk to the set. Hours later, a fan claimed responsibility on Twitter and called out Howard in the process. We’ve gone ahead and transcribed what Howard told viewers. We imagine that the fan is going to eventually delete all of his tweets, including the video – it isn’t a good look at all.“On my way to the set, I came across a young man, a student here, who showed me that he thought I was No. 1 with one of his fingers and then he – he went on to say that, using this foul language, that he wanted to have some sort of weird sexual relations with Michigan. So I told him, hey buddy, I don’t blame you, I blame your parents and the way you were raised, have a good day young man.” Told Desmond Howard right to his face, “fuck Michigan” he wasn’t happy pic.twitter.com/7FVSVhcGE0— Matt Schroth (@Schroth21) November 20, 2015ok chill Desmond you didn’t say anything to me pic.twitter.com/tt5laMhEJy— Matt Schroth (@Schroth21) November 20, [email protected] say it to my face next time and not on sports center. You don’t want these hands chump— Matt Schroth (@Schroth21) November 20, 2015Rivalries are great, but this kind of stuff isn’t cool at all. Maybe a simple “Go Bucks!” would have sufficed instead.
India is an oil import-dependent nation. Over 90 per cent of the oil requirement is met via import. India is the third biggest importer of crude oil in the world. Despite these factors, India is not feared to undergo oil convulsion with USA withdrawing waiver over the sanction on Iran oil from May. Except concerns by vehicle users, analysts and politicians preferred to remain mute on any major impact on the Indian economy, even though the waiver was made amidst the general election. With the end of the waiver, crude oil prices will soar in the world market. This is because Iran is the fourth largest producer of crude oil in the world. Furthermore, global oil consumption exceeds global production. Also Read – Hijacking Bapu’s legacyGiven these situations, sanction on Iran oil will certainly impact India’s basket prices of imported crude. This will have a cascading impact on petrol and diesel prices. Eventually, a general fear looms large that the hikes in oil prices will fuel inflation in the country. However, there is another school of thought, which argued that the concern would be minimised owing to technological innovations and structural changes in oil use. It believes that India is insulated from any major impact of the sanction, despite it being an oil import-dependent nation. Also Read – The future is here!Basically, there are four reasons, according to this line of thought, which will help India insulate itself from the adverse impact of a global oil price hike. First, the parallel relation between oil price hike and inflation has tapered. Secondly, oil is not the main source of energy for manufacturing. Third, a big burden of crude oil import is counterbalanced by the export of petroleum refinery products. Lastly, the share of Iranian oil in India’s total imports of oil is not substantial. Conventional wisdom says that there is a close relationship between oil price and inflation. Whenever there was a global oil price hike, which was reflected in the high petrol and diesel prices in India, inflation surged. Nevertheless, the parallel relation between oil price and inflation witnessed a turnaround since 2016-17. Oil price hike failed to fuel inflation. For example, the average Indian basket price for imported crude oil increased from US$ 46.2 bbl in 2015-16 to US$ 47.6 bbl in 2016-17. But, in contravention to conventional wisdom, inflation, measured by CPI, declined. It fell from 4.9 per cent in 205-16 to 4.3 per cent in 2016-17. Since then, an opposite relation between oil price hike and inflation sustained. In 2017-18, the basket price of imported oil rose to US $56.4 bbl, but inflation slipped to 3.6 per cent. These suggest that the threat of global oil price hike and its impact on inflation does not hold good now. Why has the parallel relationship between oil price hike and inflation been jeopardised since 2016-17? The main reason is that oil energy is mainly (55 per cent) used as a transport fuel in the country and not for production. The high cost of transport fuel impacted the prices of mainly food and vegetables. Due to lack of adequate cold storage facilities, motor transport, viz. trucks and lorries, are the major carriers for food and vegetables, which bring these items to the cities from nearby villages in the country. The food component constitutes a bulk share in the retail price index. With a leapfrog in agricultural production, inflation owing to food component in the price index has swayed. This has overshadowed the impact of oil price hike, which was reflected in the transport fuel. In manufacturing, anecdotal evidence shows that an oil price hike will have a simmering impact. This is because oil is not the major source of energy for manufacturing in India, unlike other countries. Coal is the major energy source, such as power, for manufacturing and other industrial sectors. Oil produces less than one per cent of power generation in the country. Other oil-based products, such as fuel oil and light diesel oil, which are used as energy sources for manufacturing, are insignificant energy sources for manufacturing. Unlike in the 1990s, crude oil imports ceased to be a big burden for India’s trade deficit. With the advent of export of petroleum refinery products in the early of 2000s, owing to a large number of refinery plants established in the country, petroleum products have become the predominant component of export basket of the country. It became a major tool to counterbalance the big burden of crude oil. Currently, exports of petroleum refinery products account for one-sixth of India’s total exports. And, in terms of counterbalance, which help in reducing the trade deficit, exports of petroleum refinery products offset one-third of crude oil imports. For example, in 2018-19 export of petroleum products was US$ 46.4 billion against the import of US$ 141.1 billion import of crude oil and petroleum products. This offset 32 per cent of the import burden of crude oil and other petroleum products. Incidentally, Iran is not the major supplier of crude oil to India. In 2018-19, India imported crude oil from Iran amounting to 24 million tonnes. This accounted for a little more than 10 per cent of India’s total import of crude oil. Saudi Arabia and Iraq are the major suppliers of crude oil to India. Saudi Arabia ensured to increase supply by making India a regional hub for the supply of crude oil. Another factor, which goes in favour of India with regard to its oil dependency and curtailment of Iranian oil is the near stagnancy in oil demand in the country. With various counter-measures for oil saving and boost to non-conventional energies, such as solar, bio and wind energies, India’s total demand for crude oil increased marginally. Oil demand increased by 3-4 per cent during the past two years, despite the country achieving the highest GDP growth hovering around 7 per cent. This suggests that oil volatility due to price fluctuations is less vibrant to the major economic parameters for the country. Oil is not the major source of power energy and not the catalyst for manufacturing in the country. (The views expressed are strictly personal)